From your eyes down to your toes and from your skin inward to your organs, diabetes can cause health problems all over your body. Keeping your blood sugar under control can prevent many of these complications. Some treatments may also reduce their effects, especially if you catch the problems early.
12 Complications of Diabetes https://d33ljpvc0tflz5.cloudfront.net/dims3/MMH/thumbnail/580x388/quality/75/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fd26ua9paks4zq.cloudfront.net%2F82%2F53%2F8ec8c44143f69752e6eda2d66b89%2Fimage-gettyimages-481474996-uncomfortable-senior-woman-in-bed.jpg
High blood sugar can damage the nerves that control your body’s internal processes. As a result, your digestive, urinary, and cardiovascular systems may not work properly. You may sweat more than before or stop sweating altogether. And your sexual organs may be affected, making intimacy difficult.
Diabetes-related damage often strikes the nerves that relay signals between your brain and your body. As a result, your hands and feet may feel tingly or numb. Or you may have severe pain at the slightest touch, or feel unexplained sensations of touch, heat, or cold.
People with diabetes are twice as likely as those without diabetes to have heart disease or a stroke. They are also prone to high blood pressure. Cardiovascular events may occur at younger ages and are more likely to be severe or fatal in diabetics.
3. Heart Disease and Stroke https://d33ljpvc0tflz5.cloudfront.net/dims3/MMH/thumbnail/580x388/quality/75/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fd26ua9paks4zq.cloudfront.net%2F1b%2Feb%2F79f7a59f46b4be9301af578a380d%2Fresizes%2F1500%2Fimage-gettyimages-170122405-woman-chest-pain.jpg
Diabetes can damage your retina, the light-sensitive layer at the back of your eye. Your blood vessels may swell and leak fluid, severely impairing your vision. Without treatment, abnormal new retinal blood vessels form, causing more severe and sometimes permanent harm to your sight. Regular eye exams can detect retinopathy early, when it’s most treatable.
Cuts, blisters, calluses, and sores from ill-fitting shoes may seem like minor annoyances. But if you have diabetes, nerve damage and poor blood flow slow healing in your feet. As a result, chronic sores called ulcers can develop. In severe cases, your foot or leg may require amputation.