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Your Blood Disorder Treatment Team


Marijke Vroomen Durning, RN    

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At Your Appointment

What to Ask Your Doctor About PV

Treating Rare Blood Disorders

New advances in treatment for myeloproliferative diseases offer hope for people with these rare blood cancers.
Team of nurses and doctors

If you’ve been diagnosed with a blood disorder, particularly a rare one like polycythemia vera or myelofibrosis, you will need support from your specially trained hematology/oncology treatment team. The members’ knowledge and expertise will help guide you through your diagnosis and treatment, answering your questions throughout the journey.

There are several healthcare and allied healthcare professionals who may be on your team; here are a few you may come across:


A hematologist is a medical doctor who specializes in the treatment of blood disorders, ranging from anemia to sickle cell anemia. However, treating blood disorders involves more than just the blood. Hematology also includes treating or managing conditions that affect your:

  • Blood vessels

  • Bone marrow, where blood cells are formed

  • Lymph nodes, which filter out unwanted cells

  • Platelets, which help your blood clot

  • Spleen, which help filter and store blood cells

Hematology Oncologist

Instead of a hematologist, or in addition to one, you may have a hematology oncologist on your team. A hematology oncologist also specializes in blood disorders, but even more specifically, cancers that affect the blood, such as leukemia or lymphoma.

Hematology Nurse Practitioners

Hematology nurse practitioners are advanced practice nurses. They specialize in caring for patients with blood disorders. In some clinics, it’s the hematology nurse practitioner who sees patients on a regular basis and manages every day care.

Infusion Nurses

People with blood disorders may need frequent intravenous (IV) fluids or blood transfusions. Infusion nurses are registered nurses who have specialized in starting and maintaining IV devices, from the more common peripheral IVs (the ones in the back of your hand or arm) to central lines, which are long-term catheters inserted in your chest.


Depending on the type of blood disorder you have, your team may include a geneticist, to determine if your blood disorder is hereditary. This could be important information if you have children or if you plan on having children.


This highly-trained physician examines your blood specimens and bone marrow biopsies to accurately diagnose your condition and perform very sophisticated laboratory studies to isolate the genetic abnormalities responsible for your problem. This information is vital in helping your heme-oncologist develop a treatment strategy that delivers best outcomes with greatest safety.

Social Workers

People with long-term, chronic, or potentially fatal diseases such as leukemia, may need some help navigating the medical system and getting help from outside sources. If this need arises, social workers are a vital part of a blood disorder team. They can help you understand what is available and how to access different services.


If you have a blood disorder such as myelofibrosis, you may be told you have an enlarged spleen. This is a common complication, but it can make it difficult for your hematologist to treat the disorder. If this happens, you may need to have surgery to remove your spleen. Your surgeon will be part of your blood disorder treatment team and will evaluate if you should have surgery.


Eating a healthy diet when you’re ill can be difficult. You may not feel up to preparing the meals or you may find you don’t have an appetite. If you are having difficulty consuming the calories and nutrients you need during treatment for your blood disorder, a dietitian can help you develop a meal plan, or suggest alternative ways to get the nutrition you need.

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Medical Reviewers: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Review Date: Jun 24, 2016

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Medical References

  1. What Should I Know About Blood Conditions? American Society for Hematology.
  2. Hematology Treatment Center. Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.
  3. Spotlight On: Oncology Pharmacists.

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