Treatment Options for HIV


Stacey Rizza, MD

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HIV attacks the Cluster of Differentiation 4 (CD4) T cells that help make up your immune system. The lower your CD4 T count gets, the more susceptible you are to other illnesses, like recurrent pneumonias, certain fungal infections and cancers.

Once the CD4 T count falls low enough -- usually below fifty (a normal CD4 T count is above 500) -- it’s considered Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), the end-stage version of an HIV infection.  Unlike HIV, AIDS is usually fatal.  

HIV treatment is very different than it was in the past. Now, with the right treatment, people who are HIV-positive live long, healthy lives. HIV experts share their tips for treating your HIV.

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd, MD, FACS Last Review Date: Apr 13, 2016

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