The Trial and Error Process of Finding the Right HIV Treatment


Stacey Rizza, MD    

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Contracting HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is a serious condition, but thanks to treatment advances, the diagnosis is less severe than in previous years. However, it may take a few tries to find the most effective treatment for you.

How HIV Works

An HIV infection attacks cells in your immune system known as Cluster of Differentiation 4 (CD4) T cells, making it difficult for your body to fight off infections and disease. When your CD4 T cell count falls low enough--usually below 50--it’s then considered Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), the often fatal end-stage of an HIV infection. Fortunately, today there are more than 30 different medication options available that can treat HIV and prevent HIV from turning into AIDS, keeping your CD4 T cell count high and the viral load undetectable in your blood.

Thanks to years of research and discoveries, we know a lot more about HIV than we did decades ago. Keep yourself safe and healthy by knowing the facts about HIV.

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Review Date: Oct 23, 2015