How Diabetes Medication Lowers Blood Sugar Levels

By

Carmen Echols, MD    

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Insulin

Diabetes is a disease that affects various organs in the body. It’s progressive, which means it worsens over time. The medication that your doctor may prescribe for diabetes depends on the type of diabetes that you have. Type 1 diabetics are unable to produce sufficient amounts of insulin. Type 2 diabetics do produce insulin, but are unable to use it effectively to lower levels of sugar, also known as glucose, in the blood. Certainly, the mainstay of treatment of type 2 diabetes is making lifestyle changes, like altering your diet, increasing exercise, and losing weight; however, there are times when medications are necessary.

Oral Medications

The oral medications used to manage type 2 diabetes work on either the kidneys, pancreas, liver or intestine in order to control the amount of glucose in the blood.

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes may seem similar, but they’re actually very different diseases. Dr. Anthony Cardillo discusses the development and treatment of the two conditions.

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Review Date: Aug 13, 2015

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