What Is Chronic Bronchitis?

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Lung X-ray

Chronic bronchitis is when damaged lungs produce more mucus than they should. If you cough up mucus and feel short of breath for at least three months each year, two or more years in a row, without another diagnosis to explain the cough, you may have chronic bronchitis.

Healthy Lungs

  • Inside the lungs are branching airways of stretchy tissue. Each airway is wrapped with bands of muscle that help keep it open. Air travels in and out of the lungs through these airways.

  • The cells in the lining of the airways produce a sticky fluid called mucus. This traps dust, smoke, and other particles in the air you breathe and helps protect the lungs.

  • Tiny hairs, called cilia, then sweep the mucus up the airways to the throat, where it is swallowed or coughed up, again to protect the lungs

When You Have Chronic Bronchitis

  • Cells in the airways make more mucus than normal. The mucus builds up, narrowing the airways. This means less air travels into and out of the lungs.

  • The lining of the airways may also become inflamed (swollen). And, the muscle surrounding the airways may constrict (tighten). These problems cause the airways to narrow even more.

  • The cilia may also be damaged. This means they can’t sweep mucus and particles away. This damage makes the problems described above even worse.

male sleeping in bed

Sleep Problems and Lung Disease

Lung disease can make it harder to breathe at night. Try these tips to get more shut-eye.
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Medical Reviewers: Louise Akin, RN; Beth Holloway, RN, M.Ed. Last Review Date: Jun 18, 2014

© 2000-2015 Krames StayWell, 780 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.

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Medical References

  1. Braman, SS. Chronic Cough Due to Chronic Bronchitis ACCP Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines. Chest (2006); 129(1); pp. 104S-115S
  2. American Lung Association. Understanding Chronic Bronchitis (http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/bronchitis-chronic/understanding-chronic-bronchitis.html)
  3. American Lung Association. How Lungs Work (http://www.lung.org/your-lungs/how-lungs-work/)

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