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Mindfulness Meditation Enhances Psoriasis Treatment

By

Allie Lemco Toren

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This content is created or selected by the Healthgrades editorial team and is funded by an advertising sponsor. The content is subject to the Healthgrades medical review process for accuracy, balance and objectivity. The content is not edited or otherwise influenced by the advertisers appearing on this page except with the possible suggestion of the broad topic area. For more information, read the HealthGrades advertising policy.

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Meditation

For many people, stress doesn’t just affect mental health—it impacts physical health, too. Being stressed out can cause headaches, sweating, rashes, pain—it can even raise your blood pressure and change your blood sugar levels. And if you have psoriasis, stress can lead to a frustrating, unsightly, and sometimes painful flare-up of symptoms. In fact, stress is one of the most common triggers for psoriasis flare-ups.

Typically, it’s best to avoid psoriasis triggers altogether; however, as we all know too well, stressful situations are everywhere. Aside from joining a monastery or staying in bed for the rest of your life, what’s there to do? Fortunately, research over the last 30 years has shown that controlling stress by practicing meditation can greatly reduce psoriasis symptoms. And meditation doesn’t only help manage the disease—it’s also been proven to significantly increase the efficacy of psoriasis treatment.

Dealing with a psoriasis diagnosis can be overwhelming, but these patients share tips on how to stay in control--and even thrive--with psoriasis.

Medical Reviewer: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Review Date: Apr 18, 2017

2017 Healthgrades Operating Company, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Healthgrades Operating Company, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the Healthgrades User Agreement.

Mindfulness Meditation: The Basics

You may have heard of mindfulness before—it’s currently something of a fad, finding popularity in classrooms, yoga studios, and offices across the country. But mindfulness meditation dates back more than two millennia; it’s rooted in the Buddhist philosophy of practicing introspective consciousness. In essence, mindfulness meditation means taking time to purposely pay attention to the present moment without judgment. This type of meditation champions quieting the mind while paying attention to sensations in the body and accepting them without labeling them as ‘good’ or ‘bad.’ Through this practice, research has shown that the body can heal and find balance, both physically and emotionally. One of the first landmark studies to explore this connection was conducted by an American doctor named Jon Kabat-Zinn—and it focused on psoriasis.

Mindfulness Meditation and Psoriasis Treatment

More than 30 years ago, Kabat-Zinn was introduced to meditation. He went on to study the practice with leaders like Thich Nhat Hanh, and founded the Stress Reduction Clinic at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. There, he developed an eight-week course called Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), which, still today, trains students in mindfulness meditation and teaches how the practice can affect physical health as well as mental health.

Kabat-Zinn took the basics of MBSR and developed clinical studies to explore the relationship between mindfulness meditation and chronic medical conditions. He began with a study on how mindfulness meditation affects chronic pain, and then conducted research about meditation and anxiety disorders; both studies proved that meditation positively impacts each condition. In 1998, Kabat-Zinn began looking for results the eye could see, and he turned his focus to psoriasis.

He contacted dermatologists treating psoriasis with light therapy and arranged a study in which patients were divided into two groups. One group received ultraviolet light therapy while listening to recordings of mindfulness meditation instructions, and the other group underwent light therapy without any recordings.

Kabat-Zinn found that the patients who listened to meditation recordings during light therapy saw their psoriasis clear by half in an average of 48.5 days. It took an average of 85 days for the same thing to happen to patients who didn’t listen to recordings.

The study has been duplicated through the years with the same result—mindfulness meditation makes psoriasis treatment work better and more quickly. And looking at it from another angle, researchers have found that high levels of stress make treatment less effective. One study showed that patients who were described as “high-level or pathological worriers” found their psoriasis plaques cleared significantly more slowly, if at all, when compared with patients who were in the “low-level worry” group—even though all participants received the same treatment.

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Medical Reviewers: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Review Date: Jul 21, 2016

© 2016 Healthgrades Operating Company, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Healthgrades Operating Company, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the Healthgrades User Agreement.

View Sources

Medical References

  1. Can Quieting the Mind Quiet Psoriasis? National Psoriasis Foundation. https://www.psoriasis.org/advance/can-quieting-mind-quiet-psoriasis-mindfulness-meditation
  2. Jon Kabat-Zinn, Founding Executive Director of the Center for Mindfulness: Biography. University of Massachusetts Center for Mindfulness in Medicine, Health Care, and Society. http://www.umassmed.edu/cfm/about-us/people/2-meet-our-faculty/kabat-zinn-profile/
  3. Kabat-Zinn J, Wheeler E, Light T, et al. Influence of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention on rates of skin clearing in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis undergoing phototherapy (UVB) and photochemotherapy (PUVA). Psychosomatic Medicine. 1998; 60(5): 625-32. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9773769
  4. Kabat-Zinn J. An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: theoretical considerations and preliminary results. General Hospital Psychiatry. 1982;4(1): 33-47. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7042457
  5. Kabat-Zinn J, Massion AO, Kristeller J, et al. Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1992;149(7): 936-43. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1609875
  6. Niazi AK, Niazi SK. Mindfulness-based stress reduction: a non-pharmacological approach for chronic illnesses. North American Journal of Medical Sciences. 2011;3(1): 20-23. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3336928/
  7. Chapman B, Moynihan J. The brain-skin connection: role of psychosocial factors and neuropeptides in psoriasis. Expert Review of Clinical Immunology. 2009;5(6): 623-627. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1586/eci.09.56#.V4QAK5MrIo8
  8. Schwartz J, Evers AW, Bundy C, Kimball AB. Getting Under the Skin: Report From the International Psoriasis Council Workshop on the Role of Stress in Psoriasis. Frontiers in Psychology. 2016;7:87. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4735345/
  9. Hunter HJ, Momen SE, Kleyn CE. The Impact of Psychosocial Stress on Healthy Skin. Clinical and Experimental Dermatology. 2015;40: 540-546. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ced.12582/epdf
  10. Stress and psoriatic disease. National Psoriasis Foundation. https://www.psoriasis.org/life-with-psoriasis/stress
  11. Stress Effects. The American Institute of Stress. http://www.stress.org/stress-effects/
  12. Basavaraj K, Navya  MA, Rashmi R. Stress and quality of life in psoriasis: an update. International Journal of Dermatology. 2011;50: 783-792.

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