How to Improve Bone Health During Multiple Myeloma Treatment
Multiple myeloma is a cancer of the plasma cells in the bone marrow. As you might expect from a cancer that originates inside the bones, it can directly harm your bones, with the possibilities ranging from pain to bone loss to an increased risk of fractures. That’s why it’s very important for you and your healthcare team to stay on top of your bone health during your multiple myeloma treatment.
The Reason You Have Weak Bones
Two types of bone cells work together inside your body to keep your bones strong and healthy. One type, known as osteoclasts, break down old bone, and the other type, osteoblasts, put new bone in its place. But when your plasma cells become malignant myeloma cells, they produce a substance that interferes with those two groups of cells’ abilities to do their jobs correctly. Not enough new bone is produced to replace the old bone that gets dissolved or broken down, and the bone that’s left is weak and easily broken. The result: you must be constantly vigilant about accidentally fracturing one of your already vulnerable bones.
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