The ABCs of Diabetes Control

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Excerpted from a Harvard Special Report
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Because diabetes raises your risk of heart disease by four to five times compared with people without the disease, you should pay close attention to factors that can put you at greater risk for heart trouble. These are often referred to as the " ABCs":

  • Hemoglobin A1c blood sugar test

  • Blood pressure

  • Cholesterol.

The treatment goals for people with diabetes are more stringent than those for people without diabetes. The good news is that lifestyle changes — and weight loss in particular — to improve your blood sugar usually will have a beneficial effect on the other values as well.

Optimal ABC markers for most people with diabetes
Less than 7%
Blood pressure
Less than 130/80 mm Hg
LDL (bad) cholesterol
Less than 100 mg/dL
HDL (good) cholesterol
More than 40 mg/dL in men or 50 mg/dL in women

Related Video: Top 5 Rules to Live By with Diabetes

Watch Top 5 Rules to Live By with Diabetes.

Last Review Date: May 30, 2014

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