COPD Symptoms Can Be Worse in Winter

By

Cindy Kuzma

This content is selected and managed by the Healthgrades editorial staff and is brought to you by an advertising sponsor.
x

This content is created or selected by the Healthgrades editorial team and is funded by an advertising sponsor. The content is subject to the Healthgrades medical review process for accuracy, balance and objectivity. The content is not edited or otherwise influenced by the advertisers appearing on this page except with the possible suggestion of the broad topic area. For more information, read the HealthGrades advertising policy.

ADVERTISEMENT
677-02605908d


Temperatures drop. Snow falls. Sidewalks freeze. But if you have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), there's likely another fact of winter: Your disease flares.

Exacerbations, or periods when your coughing and other symptoms are worse, tend to be more common and severe in cold weather. Between the months of November and February, you're more likely to:

  • Visit the doctor or hospital

  • Feel anxious or depressed because of your disease

  • Have trouble doing your daily activities

Why Winter's Chill Brings Challenges

More colds, flus, and other respiratory viruses make the rounds in cold weather. When you have COPD, you're more prone to these illnesses, which can cause your symptoms to quickly worsen.

Some research suggests the holiday season further complicates your health. Festive gatherings may double as breeding grounds for germs. You or the members of your health care team may travel, disrupting your normal care routines.

Stop Germs Before They Harm Your Lungs

You can take steps to safeguard your health even before frost forms on your windows. Ask your doctor if you should get vaccinated for influenza (flu) and pneumonia. The vaccines dramatically decrease your risk of developing these illnesses.

Further protect yourself from respiratory infections by staying away from sick people when you can. Wash your hands frequently with soap and water, or use alcohol-based sanitizers when you're away from the sink. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth; germs are commonly spread this way.

Shield Yourself from Low Wind Chill, Other Triggers

Check the weather before you go outdoors, paying close attention to the wind chill. Try to stay indoors when it drops to low levels. Also, continue to check air quality reports; pollution doesn't disappear in cold weather.

If you must go out, dress warmly. Wear a knit scarf or mask around your face and mouth, a hat, mittens, and several layers of loose-fitting clothing. Choose a weatherproof outer layer, such as a wind-resistant jacket.

Avoid exposing yourself to other factors that may aggravate your COPD. These include secondhand cigarette smoke, smoke from wood-burning stoves, chemical fumes, and dust. Check your furnace or other heating unit each year to be sure it's not leaking irritating particles.

Keep in Touch with Your Health Care Team

Throughout the winter, continue to see your doctor regularly and follow his or her advice on taking care of your health. If you're not already participating, ask your doctor about pulmonary rehabilitation programs. They can help keep you active and healthy, even when the weather's bad.

Finally, talk with your health care team if you're feeling depressed or anxious. There are many ways to cope with these feelings to improve your health and your life. For instance, counseling or support groups let you talk through your emotions in a friendly environment. Light therapy or more sunlight exposure can lift your mood in darker months.

Key Takeaways

  • COPD symptoms such as coughing tend to be more common and severe in cold weather.Ward off low wind chills by dressing appropriately for winter.

  • People with COPD are more prone to colds, flus, and other respiratory viruses, which can cause symptoms to worsen.

  • Ask your doctor about vaccinations for flu and pneumonia, and wash your hands often. 

  • Ward off low wind chills by dressing appropriately for winter.
Medical Reviewers: Williams, Robert, MD Last Review Date: Jan 16, 2014

© 2015 Healthgrades Operating Company, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Healthgrades Operating Company, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the Healthgrades User Agreement.

View Sources

Medical References

  1. Influence of season on exacerbation characteristics in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. G. C. Donaldson et al. Chest. July 28, 2011, epub ahead of print.;
  2. Seasonal Variations Affect Physical Activity and Pulmonary Rehabilitation Outcomes. L. Sewell et al. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention. September-October 2010, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 329-33.;
  3. Seasonality and determinants of moderate and severe COPD exacerbations in the TORCH study. C.R. Jenkins et al. The European Respiratory Journal. July 7, 2011, Epub ahead of print.;
  4. The Christmas season as a risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations. N. W Johnston et al. Canadian Respiratory Journal. November-December 2010, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 275–81.;
  5. The effect of COPD health forecasting on hospitalization and health care utilisation in patients with mild-to-moderate COPD. N. D. Bakerly et al. Chronic Respiratory Disease. February 2011, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 5–9.;
  6. Extreme Cold, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011 (http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/winter/guide.asp);
  7. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, American Academy of Family Physicians, July 2010 (http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease.pr...;
  8. Seasonal Affective Disorder, American Psychiatric Association, 2011 (http://healthyminds.org/Main-Topic/Seasonal-Affective-Disorder.aspx?css=print);
  9. Everyday Preventive Actions That Can Help Fight Germs, Like Flu, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, March 19, 2010 (http://www.cdc.gov/flu/pdf/freeresources/updated/everyday_preventive.pdf);
  10. Preventing the Flu: Good Health Habits Can Help Stop Germs, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nov. 8, 2010 (http://www.cdc.gov/flu/protect/habits.htm);
  11. Air Quality, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Oct. 13, 2011 (http://www.epa.gov/aging/resources/climatechange/airquality.htm);
  12. What Is COPD? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, June 1, 2010 (http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/copd/);

You Might Also Like

E-mail this page to your friends.

Connect With Us
Our User Agreement and Privacy Policy Have Changed

By continuing to use this site, you are agreeing to the new Privacy Policy and User Agreement.

© Copyright 2015 Healthgrades Operating Company, Inc. Patent US Nos. 7,752,060 and 8,719,052. All Rights Reserved. 
Third Party materials included herein protected under copyright law.

Use of this website and any information contained herein is governed by the Healthgrades User Agreement.

PREVIOUS ARTICLE:

Singing for COPD

NEXT ARTICLE:

Treating COPD With Medication

Up Next

Treating COPD With Medication