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Recognizing Signs of Bipolar Disorder Relapse

By

Chris Iliades

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Treatment for bipolar disorder is aimed at controlling symptoms and preventing a relapse of wild mood swings between high-energy mania and depression. However, for about 75 percent of people with bipolar disorder, relapses are part of the disease. Identifying events or situations that seem to trigger a relapse for you, and recognizing the early symptoms, could help you prevent or limit the effects.

Relapse Triggers

Triggers are different for everyone. Keeping a chart of daily activities can help you identify your triggers. You’ll be able to see what events lead to symptoms and what your specific early relapse symptoms are.

Obvious triggers are not taking your medications and missing your psychiatrist and therapy appointments. Here are other common relapse triggers:

  • Stressful life event, like moving or losing your job

  • Exciting life event, like having a baby or getting married

  • Lack of regular sleep

  • Lack of a daily routine

  • Too much pressure or stress in your daily life

  • Tobacco use or too much caffeine

  • Abuse of alcohol or drugs

Relapse Warning Symptoms

Early warning symptoms can give you the chance to call your medical team and use your support system to prevent a full-blown relapse. Often, and especially with a manic episode, these warning signs are picked up by friends or loved ones even before you’re aware of them. Make sure your friends and loved ones are part of your relapse prevention plan.

Warning signs for a manic episode include:

  • Needing less sleep

  • Having more energy

  • Being more talkative

  • Having racing thoughts

  • Making big plans

  • Being irritable and distracted

  • Being more interested in sex

  • Making bad decisions and engaging in risky behaviors

Warning signs for an episode of depression include:

  • Less interest in daily activities

  • Less time spent with friends or family

  • Trouble concentrating

  • Tiredness and lack of energy

  • Intense worry or anxiety

  • Sadness

  • Aches and pains

  • Neglect of daily tasks and self-care

A review of 38 articles on bipolar relapse prevention, published in the Journal of Psychiatric Practice, found that the risk for a relapse is highest in people who have lingering bipolar symptoms despite treatment; those who’ve had frequent relapses in the past; and those who’ve had short intervals between past relapses. Stressful life events were a primary trigger.

The review also found that taking medications as directed, getting talk therapy, and having a good support system are the best ways to lower the risk of a relapse. Be aware of possible triggers and try to avoid them at all costs. If you have an early warning sign of a relapse, or if a loved one notices relapse behavior, call your doctor and use your support system.

Key Takeaway

Relapses of mania or depression are common in people with bipolar disorder.

  • Stressful life events and not taking your medications are common relapse triggers.

  • Knowing your triggers and warning signs, sticking with your medical treatment, participating in talk therapy, and having a strong support system are the best ways to prevent relapse.

  • Spotting early warning signs for depression or mania gives you time to get help and prevent a full-blown bipolar episode.

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Medical Reviewers: William C. Lloyd III, MD, FACS Last Review Date: Apr 28, 2017

© 2016 Healthgrades Operating Company, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Healthgrades Operating Company, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the Healthgrades User Agreement.

View Sources

Medical References

  1. Examples of bipolar warning signs. Bipolar Caregivers.org (http://www.bipolarcaregivers.org/treatment-and-management/bipolar-warning-signs);
  2. Common bipolar triggers. Bipolar Caregiver.org (http://www.bipolarcaregivers.org/treatment-and-management/common-bipolar-triggers);
  3. Predictors of relapse in bipolar disorder: A review. Journal of Psychiatric Practice. (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16998415);
  4.  Bipolar Disorder. National Institute of Mental Health. (http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/bipolar-disorder/complete-index.shtml);
  5. Bipolar Disorder Treatment. University of Maryland Medical Center. (http://www.umm.edu/patiented/articles/what_electroconvulsive_therapy_other_procedures_bipolar_disord...;

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