Treating Hepatitis C

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Safe Sex Guidelines for Hepatitis C

Protect your partner by taking these steps to reduce your risk of transmitting the virus during sex.
doctor, patient, consultation, talking,

Remember: No vaccine or medication can prevent the spread of HCV and hepatitis C. It’s up to you to keep others safe.

It’s likely that hepatitis C virus (HCV) was found when routine liver tests were done on your blood or after you donated blood. Once hepatitis C is discovered, a medical evaluation helps assess if you have liver disease. You may also have a small sample (biopsy) taken from the liver to see if medications may help.

Take These Steps

To help keep your body strong and possibly relieve symptoms:

  • Avoid stressing the liver. Do not use alcohol and any unnecessary medications—even over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen. These can stress the liver.

  • Eat a balanced diet. A diet low in fat, high in fiber, and full of fresh fruits and vegetables helps you maintain your health.

  • Take prescribed medications. To help your liver work better, you may be given injections of a medication called alpha interferon 3 times a week for 6–12 months. In most cases, you will also be given ribavirin (an antiviral medication) to take orally 2 times a day. Your doctor can talk to you about the possible side effects of therapy with these medications.

Follow Up Regularly

Hepatitis C can get worse and damage your liver without your knowing it. Stay in regular contact with your doctor and health care team. They can watch your condition and tell you about any new research and types of treatment for hepatitis C.

  • Do cover all skin breaks and sores yourself. If you need help, the person treating you should wear latex gloves.

  • Do use condoms during sex, especially with a new partner.

  • Don’t donate blood, plasma, other body tissue, or sperm.

  • Don’t share needles, razors, toothbrushes, manicure tools, or other personal items.

Medical Reviewers: Kim Steven Erlich, MD; Jennifer S. Tiffany, PhD Last Review Date: Feb 7, 2012

© 2000-2015 Krames StayWell, 780 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.

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